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Human Development Index (HDI)

HOME > Human Development Index (HDI)
The concept of Human Development focuses on people as the real wealth of a nation. Expansion of human capabilities, widening of choices and enhancement of freedom and fulfillment of human rights are its key dimensions. Human development denotes both the process of widening people's choices and the level of their achieved well-being. The most critical ones are - to lead a long and healthy life, to be educated, and to enjoy a decent standard of living. Additional choices include political freedom, guaranteed human rights and self respect.
RELATED LINKS Human Development Reports - Planning Commission of India - Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, CSO, India
The main values included in this concept are:
  • Ensuring security of life and secure livelihoods for all
  • Equity in opportunities and capabilities
  • Equality between men and women.

The Human Development Index (HDI) - is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: longevity, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Longevity is measured by life expectancy at birth; knowledge is measured by a combination of the adult literacy rate and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrolment ratio; and standard of living by GDP per capita.

Gujarat Government's Initiatives

Gujarat Government attaches great importance to human development although it is the fastest growing State in India. Several Flagship Programs and Mission Mode Schemes as well as other popular campaigns have been launched to focus on improving the HDI of the State. The social sectors have been emphasized and in the Annual Development Plan for the year 2009-2010, 43.61% of the total allocations have been made for the social sector.

As a result of these initiatives, there has been tremendous increase of awareness both within the Government and the society at large and the efforts have started showing results. For example: increase in enrollment, reduction in drop out, reduction in both infant and maternal mortality through institutional deliveries, access to 108 services.

The Chief Minister of Gujarat is taking keen personal interest in raising the HDI of the State and closely monitors such programs.

For more details on the Human Development Index, please visit
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