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About Gujarat

HOME > About Gujarat

Gujarat MapGujarat has a long historical and cultural tradition dating back about 5000 years to the days of the Indus Saraswati  civilization of which Dholavira and Lothal are important sites. Situated in the western part of the Indian sub-continent, Gujarat derives its name from the "Gurjars" who passed through Punjab and settled in some parts of Western India.

Among the earliest Europeans in Gujarat were the Portuguese who settled in Diu, a small island off the southern coast of Saurashtra. After that came the British, who set up warehouses in Surat in 1612.

Gujarat was a part of the erstwhile unified Bombay state. In 1960, Bombay was bifurcated into Maharashtra and Gujarat. Gujarat is the birthplace of many leaders who played an important role in shaping modern India. Prominent among them are Mahatma Gandhi, the father of Nation, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the architect of a united India and Shri Dadabhai Navroji, the grand old man of India's independence struggle amoung several others. Gujarat is a progressive state and is known for its innovations and unique initiatives in governance and socio-economic development.

Some Facts and Figures:
According to Census 2001, the population of Gujarat stood at 5.07 crore, which is 4.93 percent of the national population with its share in all-India GDP of more than seven percent and  per capita income of Rs.45,773 against the national average of Rs.33,283 (at current prices-2007-08).
Gujarat is the highest producer of Cotton in India. In production of Cotton, Groundnut and Oil seeds, the share of Gujarat is 36.6 percent, 42.4 percent and 16.73 percent respectively.
The Sardar Sarovar Project, the life line of Gujarat, is a multipurpose project having two power houses with a combined installed capacity of 1450 MW and 458 kms. long main canal with a discharge capacity of 40000 cusecs at starting point and 2500 cusecs at Gujarat - Rajasthan border with a network of 74626 ms. for water distribution for irrigation.
Gujarat is the largest producer of Milk in India. Amul milk cooperative is Asia's biggest dairy.
There were 18010 factories in the state in 2001, which is 13.14 percent of the national total of 137059 factories. Gujarat’s share in Value of Output and Net Value Added by manufacture  in India was 16.14 percent and 15.35 percent respectively.
As on March, 2005, the state had 7.4 percent of installed capacity of electricity, while electricity generation was 9.9 percent of the country with per capita consumption of 908 units  against the national average of 411 units.
The state of Gujarat has a 1600 kms. long coastline, a third of the nation's water front. During the year 2005-06, the fish production of Gujarat was 7.34 lakh tones which was 11.17 percent of the total national production of 65.71 lakh tonnes.
The state has 40 minor and intermediate ports and one major port. During 2006-07, Gujarat's ports handled about 71.2 percent of cargo handled by non-major ports and 11.4 percent of cargo handled by major ports.
Gujarat has about 8.4 percent of national railways and more than 5.5 percent of total road length of the country.
As per the report of 'Employment Exchange Statistics-2008' at country level, the total placement in employment was recorded as 2.64 lakh (2007), of which Gujarat accounted for total placement in employment  of 1.78 lakh (67.42 percent) during the same period. Gujarat ranked 1st in placement in employment among the states of India.
 
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